Web development is mainly divided into two parts: frontend and backend. In the last article we have discussed frontend development already, so this time let’s take a look at the backend development area.
Backend development refers to the server-side development. It focuses on databases, scripting, and website architecture. It contains behind-the-scenes activities that occur when performing any action on a website. It can be an account login or making a purchase from an online store. Code written by backend developers helps browsers to communicate with database information.
Backend development is an important part of the web developing process, and backend developer is the position that has high demand in many IT companies. The question here is what are skills that the candidates need to equip themselves to fit well with this job and develop their career? The answer for this question is all below:
Backend Programming Languages
In order to be a good backend developer, you need to excel at programming languages, as when it comes to programming, language is everything.
Programming languages are how developers communicate with computers to execute instructions and implement algorithms. Many of the outputs you want as a backend developer have to go through the use of a language, and there are several languages that are helpful to learn. Three of the most common are Java, Python, and PHP.
Knowledge of Popular Frameworks
Once you have a preferred language, you’ll need to familiarize yourself with the frameworks associated with that language. A web framework is designed to support the development of a web application. It essentially provides a foundation on which backend developers can build specific programs using their language of choice. If your preferred language is Java, you should use Spring, or Micronaut. If you choose Python you’d better focus on Django, and Flask framework.
Databases and Cache
Adjacent to data structures are database management systems. Databases are what websites use to store and organize large amounts of information, and database management systems (or DBMSes) are how developers make use of that information. There are few common database management systems that are good for backend developers to be familiar with: PostgreSQL, Oracle, AWS DynamoDB. All of these tools are used to handle large amounts of data, and they also use cache for individual users’ small data.
Familiarity with Servers
Backend development is all server-side development, which makes knowledge about servers pretty important. A server is a computer or system that provides data, resources, and services like file storage, security, and databases, to other computers or clients over a network. Some of the most popular servers are Apache, NGINX, and Microsoft. Most of these servers support Linux operating systems, so knowing the basics of Linux is also extremely helpful.
Knowledge of APIs
APIs have become an increasingly important aspect of backend development. An API (or Application Programming Interface) is an interface that allows different applications to talk to each other. When you use your phone to order something from Amazon, for example, you’re actually connecting to Amazon using an API. APIs play an important role in the creation of server-side architectures, sometimes replacing more complex and complicated programming to allow software to communicate.
Version Control and Version Control Systems
Version control is an important component of backend development, because it allows you to keep track of the changes made to a website, computer program, or document over time. That’s why knowledge of a version control system like Git is helpful. Through a version control system, you can easily access, edit, and restore code.
Good communication and interpersonal skills
While there are opportunities to work independently in backend web development, it’s still important to develop strong soft skills like good communication and the ability to work in team settings.
Backend development often requires working closely with frontend developers as well as a whole team of people to ensure a site is functioning at full capacity, so having good communication skills is important.