Backend framework is very important and it’s an integral element to application and website development. Getting the right backend framework is crucial for all developers to ensure optimal performance, and scalability. In the market there are many options of backend frameworks available for us to choose from, yet to select relevant ones can be a difficult issue. In this article we will introduce several dominated backend frameworks that may be helpful to you in the app/ website development process.
Firstly, Laravel: we recommend this framework for its usefulness, and wonderful features that are really helpful to us in many app and web development projects. Laravel is an open- source PHP web framework for developing Symfony- based web applications that follow the model – view- controller architecture. It offers a modular packaging system equipped with a delicate dependency manager. It also provides its users with multiple ways of accessing relational databases along with app maintenance and deployment utilities.
Authentication: implementing authentication is quite simple with Laravel, as it offers easy configuration.
Simple API: laravel offers a simple API that works fluidly with the swift Mailer. It offers drivers for Mandrill, SMPT, Mailgun, Amazon SES, and SparkPost. It enables fast application mail sending through a cloud- based or local service, and provides notification sending support across multiple delivery channels.
Cache backends: Laravel offers support for Redis, Memcached, and other widely used cache backends. It also enables users to configure cache configurations.
Logs: it has Monolog logging library integration and offers support for multiple log handlers.
Testing: Laravel is test- friendly and offers PHP unit support along with ready to use phpunit.xml file for apps. This framework comes with helper methods for expensive app testing, and it provides easy user behavior simulation for activities such as: form filling, link clicks, and app requests.
Template engine: laravel features lightweight built- in templates that can be utilized for generating layouts, and seeding content. It provides widgets with JS, and CSS code. It templates are designed for development of both simple and complex sectioned layouts
MVC Architecture Support: Laravel offers this pattern of support to effectively separate presentation and business logic layers. Laravel MVC offers many functions, facilitates better performance, and improves both scalability and security.
Eloquent Object Relational Mapping (ORM): laravel users can utilize eloquent ORM, including a simple PHP Active Record implementation. ORM lets app developers construct database queries using PHP syntax without writing SQL code, and it is faster than other PHP frameworks.
Security: Laravel provides powerful web app security, with hashed password modalities, so passwords are not stored in plain text format within databases. The Bcrypt hashing algorithm is utilized by Laravel for encrypted password generation. It also uses prepared SQL statements to reduce the eventualities of injection attacks.
Secondly, Django: it is a leading open source backend framework based on Python programming language. It follows the model view controller (MVC) pattern. It is suitable for development of sophisticated and feature – rich, database- driven websites.
Fast framework: it is easy to use, and a low learning curve framework that helps developers speed up the entire development process.
Feature rich: it provides a wide variety of features which helps users take care of some common web development requirements, user authentication, sitemaps, content administration, etc.
Optimal security: it is a secure framework which helps its users avoid several issues, including cross- site scripting, clickjacking, SQL injection, and request forgery. It also enables the users to store and manage passwords and accounts securely.
High scalability: it offers a high level of scalability that helps customers meet their high operational demands in many website projects.
Versatile framework: it is perfect for use to develop a wide range of app types, including social networking apps, content management systems, and computing platforms.
Open source: it’s an open source framework used for Python – based web applications. It’s simple, easy to use, and reliable.
Naming system: Django has its own making system for all tools, and features. Also, it has an easy to use admin panel.
Moreover, its features include simple syntax, MVC core architecture, ORM, Middleware support, and HTTP libraries. It also has its own web server, a framework for unit testing, and components required to solve some cases.
Last but not least, Ruby on rails: it is a Ruby- based server-side web app framework with an MIT License. It is also a MVC framework offering database default structures, web pages, and web services. It’s an effective framework for web development.
Time efficiency: Ruby on rails offers multiple ready - made modules and plugins, which helps developers reduce the time needed for creating boilerplate code, and the total time of app development.
Consistency: this framework provides developers the ability to use standardized file storage systems and programming conventions. It helps to maintain the structural consistency and readability of a project.
Cost – effective: its users don’t have to pay anything to obtain the framework. With Gems, the users can add features without developing them from ground up, so they can save time and budget.
Quality development: it enables the users to achieve bug- free software development. The Minitest tool within its core gives its users many testing features such as mocking, expectation syntax, and test benchmarking.
MVC Architecture: Ruby on rails is MVC based, one of the most widely used web app architectures globally. Therefore, developers who have experience in working with MVC patterns can easily use Ruby on rails.
Active Record: the framework relies on a library known as an active record, enabling developers to perform database interaction query design effortlessly. Queries are written in the Ruby programming language and converted into SQL queries that receive outputs, and return objects. Its active record library is always capable.
Convention over configuration: configuration files are not utilized by this framework as it provides dynamic runtime, extensions, reflections, and conventions. It follows a “Convention over configuration” approach for automatically assigning value without requiring user intervention.
Testing is simple: Ruby on rails offers RSpec, an easy to use unit testing setup. Therefore, the users can easily test functions through separate calls, and make sure that an app undergoes adequate testing.