When it comes to web, or software development, people would think of some important roles like UI, UX developers, designers, database analysts, etc. But there are people who can manage to complete many tasks of each of these roles that we should know, that is full-stack developers. So, who are they? And how essential are they in each new project? Let’s find out!
There is one thing that you should know: full-stack developer is the position which received very high valuation from all IT companies for many reasons. Full- Stack Developer is an engineer who works on both client-side and server-side of the software application. This type of developer works on the Full Stack of a software application meaning Front end development, Back end development, Database, Server, API, and version controlling systems. As we can see, a full-stack developer is associated with the creation of an application from its start to finish, so he or she plays a very important role in each IT project.
As full-stack developers have to be in charge of many tasks and work, they need to equip themselves with a bunch of needed skills.
Firstly, technical skills
Development Languages: Full stack engineers should know at least one server-side programming language like Java, Python, Ruby, .Net etc.
Database and cache: Knowledge of various DBMS technology is another important need of a full stack developer. MySQL, MongoDB, Oracle, SQLServer are widely used for this purpose. Knowledge of caching mechanisms like varnish, Memcached, Redis is a plus.
Basic design ability: In order to become a successful Full Stack web developer, the knowledge of designing is also recommended. Moreover, the person should know the principle of basic prototype design and UI /UX design.
Server: Exposure to handling Apache or Linux servers is desirable. A good background in Linux helps tremendously in administering servers.
Version control system (VCS): A version control system allows full stack developers to keep track of all the changes made in the codebase. The knowledge of Git helps full stack developers to understand how to get the latest code, update parts of the code, and make changes in other developer’s code without breaking things.
Working with API (REST & SOAP): Knowledge of web services or API is also important for full stack developers. Knowledge of creations and consumption of REST and SOAP services is desirable.
Secondly, Soft skills
Creativity: The developer must understand the project's objectives and create a product that engages the target audience.
Strategic planning: Planning is a critical phase in any development life-cycle. The developer should possess the aptitude to plan the design, development, and implementation phases strategically. This helps streamline the process.
Analytical skills: As the name suggests, these skills help analyze information accurately and make logical, data-driven decisions that help in maximizing efficiency. Now, these are skills that one develops when they're exposed to it. But a good sense of understanding is required.
Problem-solving skills are again crucial to predict any errors and develop a bug-free application. From a business perspective, problem-solving skills play a significant role in ensuring the smooth conduction of tasks.
Time management skills: The developer must meet the deadlines while ensuring proper execution of his tasks.